How does a residential well work?

You may not think twice about where your water comes from, after all, you simply turn on the faucet and water is there. 

Of course, many people get water piped to their homes from the local treatment center. Thanks to the water cycle, reservoirs are usually full of water, this is treated according to local guidelines and then pumped to your home.

However, there is research that suggests the water in your home may not be of as high a quality as you think. Debris and bacteria can enter the water supply as it travels along the pipes. In addition, the chemicals used to treat the water have been linked to health issues.

Chlorine and fluoride are the most concerning.

You can use a whole house water filtration system to clean your water, or you may choose to create your own residential well and ensure the water is safe to drink. In fact, in some parts of the country, a residential well is really the only option.

Essential Components For A Residential Well

You need a well! You also need a good pump, there are several types available and you’ll often find them referred to as dewatering pumps. In essence, they simply pump the water from the well into your home. However, because water is so important to life, you’ll want to make sure that the pump is reliable, that’s why it’s worth spending a little more.

You’ll also need enough pipework to get the water from the well to your home plumbing system. The size of the pipework will depend on the distance and the power of your pump.

How The Residential Well Works

A residential well is essentially a deep hole in your garden. Under virtually all ground there is water, the question is how far down you need to go to find it. You’ll need specialist equipment to bore a new hole into your ground until you find the water source. 

The hole then needs a casing, usually a metal pipe, inserted. This ensures it stays open and you can continue to access the water.

A pipe from your pump can then be inserted into the bore home, allowing the pump to pull the water up and out of the ground. Your pump will need to be powerful enough to draw the water up from whatever distance it is at.

The water will then need to be tested before you can use it. If it is not clean you’ll need to have your own mini-treatment plant. Whichever option you choose the water will need to be tested regularly.

It’s worth noting that a residential well must be situated a specific distance away from buildings and potential sources of contamination. You can check with your local planning office to confirm the exact measurements.

For some, a residential well is the only option, for others it can be a lifestyle choice. The only running cost is the pump and it is possible to power this with solar energy, making your water completely free in the long term!