The Types of Industrial Robots and Their Key Features

If you are thinking of setting up a manufacturing plant for your business, you should make sure that it has all the modern innovations needed. One such innovation is using industrial robots in your production line. By fully automating your entire system, you will not only make your operations more efficient, but also save up on hiring human workers. 

Industrial robots can be hard to find though. They are both very specialized and advanced forms of technology. Luckily, there are companies such as EVS  that create quality robots at affordable rates. Visit evesint.com to check out their great line of products.

Before purchasing industrial robots, you should know which machine is best for you. Remember that industrial robots can be quite expensive, so you should be as selective as possible: pick one that is best suited to the task at hand.

 Here are the types of industrial robots and their key features:

Cartesian Robot

The Cartesian type of robot is used in various industrial applications that require great flexibility and moving capability. This type of industrial robot is made up of three prismatic joints that slide on three perpendicular axes. They are usually used as CNC machines and for RD printing because they are highly customizable and provide accurate positioning for products. 

From an industry standpoint, the Cartesian robot is best used for the handling and moving of large products. Due to their efficiency at handling delicate things, Cartesian robots are also ideal for moving radioactive material.

Cylindrical Robot

The Cylindrical robot has a cylindrical base with a pivoting shaft and an extendable arm that moves in a vertical and sliding motion. Its limited range of motion means that its applications are not as varied as other industrial robots. 

Due to its limited applications, the cylindrical robot has the least number of innovations, and is not as popular as other industrial robots. 

Despite this though, it has a more simplistic and rugged design that makes it easier to assemble and use. This, and its compact design that allows it to reach all around itself, and carry heavier payloads, makes it preferable for some applications such as die-casting, assembly application, machine loading, and unloading and transporting of materials.

Polar Robot

Polar robots or spherical robots are designed to have a twisting joint that connects the arm to a robotic base. The polar robot is one of the very first types of industrial robots that were created in the 1960s.

Due to its extensive joint system, it has the capability to reach around from various angles and can even move up and over obstacles. It is also well-known for its high work-rate, and because of its tight design, it requires far less floor space compared to other industrial robots. Polar robots are usually used for applications such as welding, metal handling, injection molding, and forging.

SCARA Robot

If your company is in need of a great production line industrial robot, then the SCARA or ( Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm) is what you need. 

The SCARA is compact in design and has the flexibility that makes it perfect for various applications. These include pick and place, inspection, palletizing, packaging, and assembly. It specializes in precision and speed, and due to its compact design can be used in more confined spaces. 

Delta Robot

The Delta robot or parallel link robot is made up of joint linkages that are parallelly connected with a base. Due to its linked design, the Delta robot excels in very fast product transfer applications. It also has great precision, which makes it perfect for assembly lines. 

Like most industrial robot designs, the delta robot requires a skilled controller to work properly. Various industries use the Delta Robot for applications such as food packing, electronic assembly, flight simulators, and optical fiber alignment.

Articulated Robot

Like its name suggests, the articulated robot is quite articulate. Most models look like an arm that is connected to a control panel. It has multiple joints that give it a very wide range of motion; the joints can move in an orthogonal and parallel manner. 

These robots are mainly used in industries that require great articulation and versatility.  They also support add-ons that can be fixed on for additional tasks that may come up. 

Articulated robots usually need a skilled controller in order to function properly. They are usually used in an assembly line capacity and are perfect for operations such as food packaging, spot welding, and steel cutting. 

Collaborative robots

The collaborative robot is one of the later industrial robot designs. It is different from its predecessors because it is specifically designed to interact with humans in a shared space. 

Where other industrial robots had to work in a specified area where they can’t accidentally injure their controllers, the collaborative robots are designed to harmoniously work with their human controllers. 

Due to their close working proximity with humans, collaborative robots are made up of more lightweight materials. Its edges are also rounded and its movements are constricted to lessen the chances of injury. 

This type of industrial robot is quite advanced and can be used for various applications, the most common being packaging, palletizing, and quality control. 

Conclusion

In the past few decades, Industrial robots have evolved a great deal. They are a staple in manufacturing plants and are key in helping various companies in creating great products. 

Their various applications are clear proof that the manufacturing industry has gone a long way, and it continues to evolve as the years go by.

Now that you know the types of industrial robots, you will be able to make an informed choice when you consider making a purchase.